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Bearden, A.P.; Schultz, T.W. Structure-Activity Relationships for Pimephales and Tetrahymena: a Mechanism of Action Approach. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 1997, 16, 6, 1311–1317.

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Bearden, A.P.; Schultz, T.W. Structure-Activity Relationships for Pimephales and Tetrahymena: a Mechanism of Action Approach. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 1997, 16, 6, 1311–1317.

QDB archive DOI: 10.15152/QDB.41   DOWNLOAD

QsarDB content

Property pLC50: 96-h Fathead minnow toxicity as log(1/LC50) [log(L/mmol)]

Compounds: 93 | Models: 10 | Predictions: 10

2: Nonpolar narcosis

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 12 0.859 0.306
4: Polar narcosis

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 39 0.888 0.304
6: Polar narcosis (phenols)

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 25 0.931 0.213
8: Polar narcosis (anilines)

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 14 0.890 0.367
10: Weak acid respiratory uncoupling

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 14 0.754 0.460
12: Soft electrophilicity

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 17 0.196 0.995
14: Proelectrophilicity

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 11 0.063 0.964
17: Nonpolar narcosis (phenols)

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 25 0.924 0.233
20: Soft electrophilicity

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 17 0.761 0.543
22: Proelectrophilicity

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 11 0.836 0.403

Property pIGC50: 2-day Tetrahymena toxicity as log(1/IGC50) [log(L/mmol)]

Compounds: 93 | Models: 12 | Predictions: 12

1: Nonpolar narcosis

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 10 0.450 0.485
3: Polar narcosis

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 38 0.387 0.685
5: Polar narcosis (phenols)

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 25 0.380 0.710
7: Polar narcosis (anilines)

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 13 0.698 0.453
9: Weak acid respiratory uncoupling

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 13 0.691 0.450
11: Soft electrophilicity

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 17 0.301 0.668
13: Proelectrophilicity

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 11 0.568 0.529
15: Nonpolar narcosis

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 38 0.389 0.672
16: Nonpolar narcosis (phenols)

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 25 0.381 0.715
18: Weak acid respiratory uncoupling

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 6 0.911 0.199
19: Soft electrophilicity

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 17 0.670 0.461
21: Proelectrophilicity

Regression model (regression)

Open in:QDB Explorer QDB Predictor

Name Type n

R2

σ

Training training 11 0.715 0.429

Property MOA: Mode of action

Compounds: 93 | Models: 0 | Predictions: 0

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dc.date.accessioned 2012-05-23T15:49:03Z
dc.date.available 2012-05-23T15:49:03Z
dc.date.issued 2012-05-23
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10967/41
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.15152/QDB.41
dc.description.abstract The toxicity data of 74 chemicals tested in both the 96-h fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) mortality assay and the 2-d Tetrahymena pyriformis (a protozoan) growth inhibition assay were evaluated using quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSARs). Each chemical was a priori assigned a mechanism of acute toxic action from either nonpolar narcosis, polar narcosis, weak acid respiratory uncoupling, soft electrophilicity, or proelectrophilicity. The polar narcotics were further split into a phenol group and an aniline group. The relationship between bioreactivity and the importance of penetration to the site of action in both systems was studied. Bioreactivity showed a trend to be inversely proportional to the value of the hydrophobicity term. The data were examined to investigate how different molecular descriptors modeled the mechanisms of action. Models were produced for nonpolar narcotics and anilines for both species with the 1-octanol/water partition coefficient (log Kow) alone. Soft electrophiles were best predicted by the average acceptor superdelocalizability (Snav), whereas proelectrophiles were modeled by log Kow and S(n)av. The weak acid uncouplers modeled with either log Kow or log Kow plus the ionization constant (pKa) for Pimephales and Tetrahymena, respectively. Phenols yielded predictive models using a either a combination of log Kow with S(n)av or lowest unoccupied molecular orbital, for fathead minnow and protozoan, respectively.
dc.publisher Villu Ruusmann
dc.title Bearden, A.P.; Schultz, T.W. Structure-Activity Relationships for Pimephales and Tetrahymena: a Mechanism of Action Approach. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 1997, 16, 6, 1311–1317.
qdb.property.endpoint 3. Ecotoxic effects 3.3. Acute toxicity to fish
qdb.property.endpoint 6. Other (Acute toxicity to ciliate protozoa)
qdb.property.species Pimephales promelas (Fathead minnow)
qdb.property.species Tetrahymena pyriformis
qdb.descriptor.application MOPAC 6
bibtex.entry article
bibtex.entry.author Bearden, A. P.
bibtex.entry.author Schultz, T. W.
bibtex.entry.doi 10.1002/etc.5620160629
bibtex.entry.journal Environ. Toxicol. Chem.
bibtex.entry.number 6
bibtex.entry.pages 1311–1317
bibtex.entry.title Structure-Activity Relationships for Pimephales and Tetrahymena: a Mechanism of Action Approach
bibtex.entry.volume 16
bibtex.entry.year 1997
qdb.model.type Regression model (regression)


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